Computer security can be confusing to the uninitiated. There is; Antivirus, Anti-malware, Anti-exploit, Anti-phishing & Anti-theft, to name the main areas of concern. I’ll provide a brief explanation for each one.
- Antivirus: is the one most people are familiar with. Software designed to detect and destroy computer viruses. It’s important to keep the virus definitions up to date to get maximum protection. It’s a good idea to scan your computer at a regular interval. Quality antivirus like ESET will scan automatically at intervals you set up and will scan when you download a new file or open a new file from a flash drive or optical disc.
- Anti-malware: software program designed to prevent, detect and remediate malicious programming on individual computing devices and IT systems.This protects against malicious programs that are installed when other software is installed or snuck in some other way.
- Anti-exploit: is a security program that runs in the background as a standard Windows Service and protects against zero-day exploits, that target browser and application vulnerabilities. It blocks exploit kits and defends against drive-by download attacks.
- Anti-phishing: Phishing is the attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details, often for malicious reasons and, indirectly, money, by disguising as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. You probably see these in your email from time to time, an email claiming to be from a banking institute, but isn’t. They started out rather crude imitations, but have evolved into sophisticated practically duplicates, making it hard to tell the difference. A quick way to try and find out if it’s a fake is to look at the complete header info, you will see that the email return address is to something unrelated to the banking or financial institute. Use caution, I will have another post with more about phishing attempts.
- Anti-theft: software that is used to track your laptop when it has been stolen or lost. It also enables you to remotely lock the computer when it is seen online. You also have the option of erasing your hard drive when it’s seen online so the data can’t be stolen. The program can also send out pictures taken from the webcam and send the location as indicated by the wifi signal.
That is a basic breakdown of the different types of security vulnerabilities and the software designed to combat them. If you have any specific questions or would like additional information about any of these types of security, or any security concerns you may have, feel free to contact me for additional information. Contact Me